The History of Cyberknife
The history of CyberKnife® (CyberKnife® Robotic Radiosurgery System) began in 1987, when Professor John R. Adler from Stanford University Medical Centre (USA) set out to achieve an extraordinary goal: he wanted to invent a system that could precisely target a tumour with a radiation beam, even during any slight movement caused by, for example, a patient’s breathing. With intellectual assistance from the inventor of radiosurgery, Lars Leksell (Karolinska Institute in Stockholm), he created an innovative non-invasive Robotic Radiosurgery System. The following years were devoted to improving the system, expanding the scope of its use and introducing it to the whole world. In Europe, CyberKnife® started being used in medical procedures in 2002. Accuray Incorporated, the American manufacturer of the device, states that so far at least 100,000 patients have undergone CyberKnife® treatment procedures. CyberKnife® is used in medical centres around the world: in the USA, Great Britain, France, Greece, Holland, Spain, Germany, Turkey, Italy and Ukraine. There are over 20 Cyberknife® centres in Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia). CyberKnife® in Wieliszew is the second installation in Poland – the first one came into use in 2011 in the Oncology Centre in Gliwice.